The birch trees comprise of some of the most elegant trees, noted or their rich bark textures and their attractive yellow leaves in autumn. There are both upright and weeping varieties.
The silver birch is a medium sized, white stemmed tree with soft diamond shaped leaves. This tree will thrive in soil which is reasonably dry.
The native irish species Betula pubescens (Downy Birch) is a tall, deciduous tree rather similar. It’s relatively similar to the Betula Pendual (Silver Birch). However rather than white bark – it’s creamy brown in colour.
The Himalayan birch. One of the most attractive birch available the Jacquemontii, is a medium sized tree with orange to dark brown peeling bark.
The River birch. A beautiful fast growing tree with a pink orange bark. An excellent tree for planting in damp ground. It produces soft green diamond shaped leaves.
The paper birch. A striking large tree with white papery bark and yellow autumn foliage.
Dig a hole slightly wider than the root of the tree, but not any deeper. Take the tree gently out of its pot and place in the hole. Make sure the root collar, ie where the tree stem and root meet and is not buried too deeply. For example plant the tree deeper no deeper than it was in its pot.
Back fill the tree with good top soil and firm in gently.
Drive a tree stake down next to the tree, being careful not to damage the roots. Secure the tree to its supporting stake with a tree strap.
Birch Tree Uses
The peeling birch tree bark can be compressed and used for drawing and painting on.
The birch is a tree with a light leaf canopy allowing the summer sunshine to filter through. The tree bark is highly attractive, giving the tree a strong presence in any setting including an architectural presence.
Tree delivery can be arranged.
Birch Trees Ireland
There are 2 variations of birch native to Ireland. These are the Betula Pendula (Silver Birch) & the Betula pubescens (Downy Birch). While both trees are have been around for thousands of years, it is the downy birch which is the more common of the 2 in Ireland.
Some Common Questions we get about Birch Trees:
What is special about the birch tree?
A special feature of the birch tree is its bark. The tree has a creamy white bark which peels away naturally revealing a new orange brown bark beneath. This occurs annually as the tree grows.
How fast does a birch tree grow?
Once a birch tree becomes established in the ground, it will grow approximately 0.5 metres each year.
Where do birch trees grow best?
Birch are very adaptable trees and will grow in a variety of locations. Birch can be seen growing wild on high mountainous areas, which would contain peat rich soil. They will equally grow well in a garden containing good top soil. If the soil is heavy and damp they they will also respond and grow equally well.
Can birch trees be planted singularly and together?
Birch look really well planted as a single specimen tree, which can give a focal point in a planting scheme. They look superb also if planted in a group, preferable in groups of three, five or seven, together creating an interesting groove or a semi-woodland effect.
When do you prune birch trees?
The best time to prune birch is in early Spring, just before the trees come into leaf.